Additional note: this has become a common re-occurrence since updating VM Workstation 12 (specifically 12.5.7 build-5813279).
So Kudos to http://implbits.com/active-directory/2012/04/03/dont-rejoin-to-fix.html on how to fix this issue. I recommend using the netdom method - simply login to the box with problem as an administrator, open a command prompt (using Run as administrator) then enter:
netdom resetpwd /s:<domain server name> /ud:<user with permissions, domain\name> /pd:<user password>
netdom resetpwd /s:SysTestADMachine /ud:SysTest\ADManager /pd:ABC1234!
If not prompted, reboot anyway.
AS A SIDE EFFECT - your accounts might be a bit whacked, particularly if it is a server running application - be aware that you MAY have to reset the password for all system related accounts (application pools, etc.).
Some other issues that were encountered in my foray of fun yesterday:
Using NETDOM - the Target Name is Incorrect - the above corrects.
Using Remote Desktop - "The Local Security Authority Cannot Be Contacted" - simply reset the password of the account in Active Directory (Kudos: http://blog.mnewton.com/articles/solution-rdp-the-local-security-authority-cannot-be-contacted/).
NOTE: There seems another 'fix' per VMWare in which the Computer Password changes automatically which can get out of sync with clean systems. This is a Registry Fix (so if you don't know Regedit, don't try this):
- Open Regedit (using Run as administrator)
- Navigate to HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\services\Netlogon\Parameters
- Change the DisablePasswordChange key from 0 to 1
A reboot may be required AND you might have to reset the computer password as above (using NetDom). Full explanation can be found here: https://communities.vmware.com/thread/327644